What Does Full Spectrum Mean? – Cannabinoids, Terpenes, and the Entourage Effect

As the global cannabis industry continues to mature, it is still common to hear a wide variety of terms used to describe and/or classify different extracts and compounds used in the manufacturing of medical and other consumer cannabis products. 

COMMON TERMS FOR CANNABIS MEDICINE INGREDIENTS

Full Spectrum 

Broad Spectrum

Full Form

Vijaya Extract

Crude Oil Extract

Hemp Oil Extract

CBD Isolate

THC Distillate

Synthetic Cannabinoids


A full-spectrum cannabis product refers to products manufactured using an extract that contains the entire spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and other phytochemicals contained within the cannabis cultivar(s) used to create the extract. While individual cannabinoids have been shown to be effective in the treatment of a variety of different conditions, medical cannabis products that use isolated cannabinoids alone do not necessarily have the same treatment potentials as products containing a full-spectrum cannabis extract.

Prior to the introduction of regulated cannabis medicine products that can provide detailed chemical content information, it was common for patients to seek out full-spectrum products simply based on consistent anecdotal accounts of their potential for greater efficacy. 

THE ENTOURAGE EFFECT

Research is still ongoing, however there is support for the use of full-spectrum cannabinoid medicines over the use of isolated THC or CBD extracts. Studies have shown that the combined use of the different cannabinoids, terpenes, and cannabis-based phytochemicals can result in emergent properties not otherwise observed when consuming isolated extracts. This can result in a synergistic amplification of effects and expansion of potential therapeutic applications.

CANNABINOIDS – COMBINED EFFECT & SYNERGIES

Over 140 cannabinoids can be found within the cannabis plant. By utilizing full-spectrum based cannabis medicines, patients can benefit from all of the cannabinoids found within the cultivar(s) used in the extraction process. Not only does this allow for the potential therapeutic benefits of each cannabinoid individually, it can also lead to additional benefits seen only when used together. Studies have shown that the effective dosage for both THC and CBD can be reduced when they are used together. Research has also shown that CBD can help limit the intensity of the intoxicating effects of THC, preventing some patients from experiencing an unwanted ‘high’. 

TERPENES – A THERAPEUTIC CLASS OF THEIR OWN

Terpenes are essential oil compounds excreted through glands of the plant and are responsible for the diverse range of scents and flavours found in cannabis. Terpenes are also responsible for some of the differing effects experienced when using various cannabis products, such as whether they feel stimulating or sedating. Over 200 terpenes have been identified in cannabis alone.

Terpenes have been shown to have their own therapeutic potentials such as:

Alertness

Analgesic

Anti-Anxiety

Antiacne

Antibacterial

Antibiotic

Anticarcinogenic

Anticonvulsant

Antifungal

Anti-Inflammatory

Antimalarial

Antimicrobial

Antioxidant

Antiseptic

Antitumor

Anxiolytic

Appetite Suppressant

Bronchodilator

Depression Relief

Elevated Mood

Gastroprotective

Memory Retention

Muscle Relaxant

Sedation

Stress Relief

Ulcer Improvement


Beyond the potential therapeutic effects of terpenes themselves, they can also have the benefit of added synergistic effects when combined with cannabinoids. For example, myrcene can assist cannabinoids such as THC and CBD in passing across the brains protective blood-brain barrier, thus increasing their interaction potentials.


To begin your cannabis medicine journey today, book an appointment now with the Savikalpa Virtual Clinic for an online doctor consultation, or request more information from a member of our highly trained clinic staff (eclinic@savikalpa.com).

We pride ourselves on being one of India’s most qualified sources of fast, friendly, and professional access to cannabinoid medicine online!


Interested in learning more? Send us your questions (eclinic@savikalpa.com). It is our mission to educate patients in any way we can, and we would be delighted to hear from you.


Research regarding cannabis, terpenes and the entourage effect:


DISCLAIMER – All individuals accessing this site undertake full responsibility for their own assessment of the accuracy/relevance of any and all content found herein. The content found on this site is not intended to serve as a substitute for medical advice/diagnosis/treatment from a qualified and licensed health care provider. This information should also in no way be misconstrued as professional legal advice regarding legislative, regulatory or any other matters. Individuals should always seek guidance of fully qualified professionals.